Deep Creek is a classic Colorado Wilderness, combining dramatically precipitous and towering canyon walls two-thousand feet high, deep stands of conifers, dancing groves
of aspen, grassy creekside meadows, and
sweeping expanses of prairie-like alpine uplands,
all woven together by a wild and sparkling
stream that cascades through countless
pools and falls on its untrammeled way
to the mighty Colorado River.
Deep Creek carves a rugged and remote limestone canyon and, in the process, creates one of Colorado's most pristine wilderness retreats. Beginning at Deep Lake near the Flat Tops Wilderness Area, Deep Creek plunges more than 4,500 feet in a span of only 15 miles before it reaches the Colorado River near Dotsero. The many extraordinary features of Deep Creek have prompted the BLM and the Forest Service to evaluate protecting the canyon under the federal Wild and Scenic Rivers Act.
The limestone strata of Deep Creek create ideal conditions for the formation of caves, resulting in more than forty known caves. These include many of the state's most outstanding caves: Groaning Cave is Colorado's longest cave with a length of 10,000 feet; Big A Disappointment Cave has the largest opening of any cave in the state; and 20-pound Tick Cave, still under exploration, is accessible only with scuba gear. These and many other caves in Deep Creek are described in Lloyd E. Paris' book, The Caves of Colorado.
Forests of aspen, spruce, and subalpine fir, interspersed
with grassy meadows, cover the higher
reaches of Deep Creek's watershed. As the creek
drops closer to its confluence with the Colorado
River, the landscape becomes more arid, and vegetation
turns to pinyon-juniper and sagebrush. The
combination of dense vegetation and rugged terrain
creates ideal habitat for black bear, elk, and mountain
There are a few faint trails in the area, but the primary
route for those wishing to explore the length
of Deep Creek is the streambed itself. There is a trail
in the lower end, but hiking the upper end of Deep
Creek is arduous and sometimes requires slithering
down waterfalls, groping along cliffs, and ducking
under fallen logs. The almost impenetrable nature
of Deep Creek's canyon assures the wilderness qualities
of the area.
Both BLM and the Forest Service have withdrawn
the area from mineral location and leasing to protect
the area's wild values.
Several grazing allotments cover Deep Creek but
very little grazing occurs within the proposed wilderness
because of the inhospitable terrain. Similarly,
the area's forests offer no usable sawtimber or other
BLM has closed its section of Deep Creek to use by motorized vehicles. Currently the Forest Service manages Deep Creek as a primitive, non-motorized recreation area. BLM has also designated its section as an Area of Critical Environmental Concern for its scenic values.
The proposed wilderness boundary essentially follows perimeter roads, such as the Coffee Pot Road on the south side and forest access roads on the north. This boundary expands the proposed wilderness beyond the canyon rim itself, and adds rolling meadows and uplands important as big game habitat.